After attaining normally, getting educated, and with some positive identification, the person becomes willing to change. This begins with changing the way one thinks.
Given any uncomfortable situation which the alcoholics/addict has to face, the only option escapism. Alcohol or drugs are just media. They help him in running away from reality. So at the base level, the person is addicted to escapism from reality. His inability to handles emotions which lead to an intolerable state of mind makes him depend on alcohol or drugs which are mood-altering chemicals (Chemical Dependency). Therefore mere abstinence from the substance in fortified premises won’t work. This is like just cutting off the steams. He needs to go to the root of it. At the root, he finds that it was the emotions like anger, grief, fear, etc. which actually lead him to drink or use. Otherwise, why would one consume a fool smelling substance knowing that it is harming him and others!
During the rehabilitation phase, intense effective counseling takes place. The job of the counselor is to lead the patient to the root of his problems and facilitated a positive change in him thus empowering him to take positive decisions. He learns coping skills to deal with these kinds of emotions without the use of alcohol or drugs. Building up of self-worth is also important since when the patient is admitted for treatment, he comes with a shattered and hopeless state of mind – full of guilt, shame, and regrets.
We use the 12 step N.A. / A.A. recovery program which is the most effective way of treatment universally. The patient has to work the first 5 steps in-depth as these bring about the internal change in him. The counselor guides him, counseling is also done on domestic, social, occupational, or any other issues pertaining to the patient. The counseling is done by a peer counselor. This is a more effective in-patient self-discloser.